Every sentence in the English language is either written in the active voice or the passive voice. We must be aware and capable of writing sentences in these voices.
This post will help you master how to write sentences of the Present indefinite tense in the passive voice and how to change active to passive voice in the Present indefinite tense. The Present Indefinite tense is also commonly known as the Simple Present tense.
Look at the following examples:
- My friends appreciate my work. (Active voice)
(subject = my friends, verb = appreciates, object = my work)
- My work is appreciated by my friends. (Passive voice)
(subject = my work (the receiver of the action), verb phrase = is + V3, doer = my friends)
Both these sentences are in the Present Indefinite tense, but the voices these verbs are in are different. The verb in the first sentence is written in the active voice, and the second one is in the passive voice.
A sentence in the active voice focuses on the doer of the action (the person who does the action), and a sentence is written in the passive voice when the writer wants to focus on the receiver of the action; the doer of the action is not even mentioned most of the times in the passive voice.
Active voice to Passive voice in the Present Indefinite Tense
In Present indefinite tense, sentences in the active voice are formed using the subject and the first form of an action. Here’s the structure:
Present indefinite tense active voice:
Subject + V1 + object
In the passive voice of the Present Indefinite tense, sentences are formed using the subject (the receiver of the action) followed by is/am/are + past participle (V3). Here’s the structure:
Present indefinite tense passive voice:
Subject (the object) + is/am/are + V3 + (by + the doer)
Notice that the object in the active voice becomes the subject in the passive voice as it is what the writer focuses on in the passive voice.
- Active: People speak English around the world.
- Passive: English is spoken around the world by people.
- Active: My parents take care of these kids.
- Passive: These kids are taken care of by my parents.
- Active: Does he call you baby?
- Passive: Are you called baby by him?
- Active: The MMA community hates Colby Covington.
- Passive: Colby Covington is hated by the MMA community.
- Active: They close the bar every day at 9 pm.
- Passive: The bar is closed every day at 9 am.
- Active: Rahul cleans the dishes every day.
- Passive: Dishes are cleaned every day by Rahul.
- Active: Jon teaches wrestling at my school.
- Passive: Wrestling is taught by Jon at my school.
- Active: Some people don’t love me.
- Passive: I am not loved by some people.
- Active: Who calls you every night?
- Passive: Who are you called by every night?
NOTE: in the passive voice, the doer of the action (generally in most cases) is not mentioned in the sentence as it is not what the focus is on; a sentence in the passive voice focuses on the receiver of the action (someone/something that the action is done upon). But you can always add the doer of the action if you want to or if it’s required.
More examples of the passive voice of the Present indefinite tense
- These questions are never asked in interviews.
- The best biryani is made in Hyderabad.
- Everyone is strictly checked at the P.M residency.
- These plants are watered every day.
- He is followed by people around the world.
Try changing the following sentences in the active voice into passive voice!
Sentences in the active voice:
1. They don’t hate me.
2. Most people like junk food.
3. They promote their brands all over the country.
4. Everyone wants you.
5. Interviewers ask anything these days.
6. Nobody helps them.
7. Does she call you every day?
8. Doctors save us.
9. She doesn’t treat you well.
10. My father cooks food sometimes.
1. I am not hated by them.
2. Junk food is liked by most people.
3. Their brands are promoted all over the country by them.
4. You are wanted by everyone.
5. Anything is asked these days by interviewers.
6. They are not helped by anyone.
7. Are you called everyday by her?
8. We are saved by doctors.
9. You are not treated well by her.
10. Food is cooked by my father sometimes.
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