Noun: a naming word

You can’t live without a noun. It is that common. Let’s look at the definition of a noun in English.

Nouns and their types

What is a noun in English?

Definition of a noun: A noun in English is just a name. That’s all it is: just a name. But a name of what?

A noun is a name given to something or somebody. Everything that exists or is made has a name to it. Being a life (a human being, an animal, a bird) or a thing (a place, an object), or an abstract idea (an emotion/feeling, a subject, a concept, an activity, a quality), everything that we have in life has a name to it.

And that name is nothing but a noun. A noun is not just a name of a person, place, or thing; it is a name of anything that exists (physically or non-physically).

Look at whatever you have around you. Whatever it is; it has a name to it, and that name is nothing but a noun.

List of major noun names that we have:

CategoriesNoun names
1. People

man, woman, teacher, doctor, Max, singer, boy, girl, Virat Kohli, etc.

(According to different specifications and qualities a human
being possesses, we give a name to the person.)
2. Thingswatch, book, car, table, house, milk, rice, apple, potato, dust, etc.
3. Placesgarden, city, town, hospital, school, college, park, nursery, library, etc.
4. Subjectseconomics, marketing, arts, science, geology, etc.
5. Feelings
or emotions
love, hate, anger, frustration, admiration, sadness, ecstasy, etc.
6. Ideas/conceptspolygamy, democracy, marriage, divorce, meditation, individualism,
politics, etc.
7. Qualitieshonesty, bravery, beauty, humility, calmness, courage, tranquility, loyalty, truthfulness, etc.
8. Activitiesdancing, singing, teaching, driving, running, drinking, etc.
9. Animals/birdstiger, elephant, snake, penguin, peacock, cock, cow, crocodile, etc.
Different categories for nouns

So, now we know a noun in English is just a name. A name of any of these things. But is there a method to find nouns in English? Let’s find out.

How to identify a noun in English?

Some noun names end in a certain pattern, and others are specific names of people, things, places, and subjects that don’t have a specific pattern to them.

We have to be familiarized with these names in order to know they are nouns, but there are nouns in English that can be identified on the basis of how they are formed.

(A) Nouns/words that end with ‘lity

Words that end with lity are usually noun names. Here are some examples:

locality, nationality, reality, agility, quality, personality, equality, fidelity, morality, stability, inability, sexuality, disability, visibility, possibility, inaudibility, spirituality, functionality, accountability, responsibility, confidentiality, etc.

Note: most nouns/words that end with ‘lity‘ are generally made out of adjectives.

Ex – It is a local area.
Ex – This locality is great.
Ex – It is a national issue.
Ex – Don’t question my nationality.
Ex – She is not real.
Ex – The reality is different.
Ex – The kid is quite agile.
Ex – You need agility to do this.
Ex – It is equal.
Ex – We are fighting for equality.
words ending with ‘lity’

(B) Nouns/words ending with ‘lty

Cruelty, faculty, loyalty, royalty, novelty, difficulty, casualty, etc.

Note: noun names that end with ‘lty’ are formed out of adjectives.

Ex – You are very cruel.
Ex – We are aware of their cruelty.
Ex – You are not loyal to me.
Ex – We want loyalty from you.
Ex – This guy is extremely novel.
Ex – Some novelty in this read is needed.
Ex – The question is difficult.
Ex – No difficulty was faced during the test.
Nouns/Words ending with ‘lty’

(C) Nouns names/words ending with ‘tion

Words that end with tion are generally nouns. Here are some examples:

Pollution, corruption, eruption, attraction, solution, situation, relation, imagination, translation, position, organization, evaluation, summarization, description, option, contribution, caution, affection, regulation, relaxation, nation, edition, etc.

Note: most words that end with ‘tion’ are made out of verbs.

Ex – Don’t pollute the hall.
Ex – Pollution is a huge problem here.
Ex – We will not elect him again.
Ex -The election is coming soon.
Ex – Don’t corrupt the company.
Ex – Corruption is everywhere.
Ex – Anyone can relate to your story.
Ex – It does not have any relation to this.
Ex – You can attract anyone.
Ex – There is an attraction between the two.
Noun names/words ending with ‘tion’

(D) Nouns names/words ending with ‘sion

Words that end with sion are generally nouns. Here are some examples:

supervision, vision, fusion, passion, mission, collusion, tension, session, pension, version, omission, allusion, infusion, revision, division, admission, expansion, inclusion, exclusion, collision, depression, submission, discussion, permission, etc.

Note: most noun names/words that end in ‘sion’ are made out of verbs.

Ex – He supervises the staff.
Ex – His supervision is badly needed now.
Ex – We can’t divide the money.
Ex – The division of property will be the solution.
Ex – Let’s infuse this into the project.
Ex – The infusion of drugs into your body resulted in this allergy.
Ex – Do you admit to stealing the money?
Ex – I will take the admission here.
Ex – The company can’t expand the business anymore.
Ex – The company can’t afford the expansion.
Noun names/words ending with ‘sion’

Types of nouns

  1. Proper noun
  2. Common noun
  3. Collective noun
  4. Abstract noun
  5. Material noun

These are the five types of nouns that exist in English.

Proper noun
It is a specific name given to someone or something (physical or nonphysical). It helps them to be identified uniquely. The first letter of a proper noun is capitalized no matter where it comes in a sentence.

People: Jon, Max, Sam, Tina Oberai, Justin Beiber

Objects: OnePlus 10 Pro, Google Pixel 6a, Toyota Mega Cruiser, Ford F-150 Raptor, Chanel No.5 Eau de Parfum

Places: Delhi, India, Fortis La Femme, Aravalli Biodiversity Park, National School Of Drama, Asia

Languages: English, Hindi, French, Chinese, Spanish, French

Movies: Terminator, The Seven Samurai, Slumdog Millionaire, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King

Books/Novel: To Kill a Mockingbird, One Hundred Years of Solitude, A Passage to India, Catcher in the Rye

1. Meeta will be walking you through our course.

2. I have a friend living in Delhi who speaks English fluently.

3. We will go to Deer Park, which is near RK Puram.

4. Baby by Justin Bieber was one of my favorite songs when I was in school.

5. I am planning to watch Jumanji starring Dwayne Johnson and Kevin Hart on Sunday.

Common noun
It is a name given to a class or category. It does not refer to a specific person, thing, place, or anything else.

People: doctor, singer, teacher, man, woman, lover, artist

Objects: phone, company, biscuit, perfume, car

Places: city, country, hospital, park, theatre, continent…

1. I know a person who can help you.

2. We will meet at the park and watch the movie on my laptop.

3. I need a car to go to the hospital.

4. Do you have a good book to read?

Collective noun
It is a name given to a collection of items of the same type.

Some collective nouns in English are as follows: army, jury, gang, herd, mob, crowd, audience, family, team, staff, panel…

1. We believe in our army.

2. The audience appreciated my performance a lot.

3. Look at the crowd. These people have come only to see Virat.

4. I live and die for my family.

5. Remove this pile of clothes from here.

Material noun
It is a name of a material something is made out of.

Some material nouns: gold, silver, rice, milk, cement, plastic, glass, water, cotton, meat, salt, oil, coal, wheat…

1. Gold is getting expensive these days.

2. We are running out of milk.

3. Can I have some water, please?

4. I want some cheese on my sandwich.

5. There’s too much butter on the bread.

Abstract noun
An abstract noun is a name of something that does not a physical existence, meaning we can’t touch, smell, taste, eat, or hear it.

It often is a name of an idea, concept, subject, emotion, state of existence, or activity.

Ideas/concepts: marriage, democracy, education, corruption, motivation, dedication, life, religion, innocence, honesty, love, friendship…

Emotions/state of being: love, hate, fear, amusement, shyness, happiness, sadness, nervousness, kindness, meanness, embarrassment…

Subjects/branch of study: mathematics, physics, geology, marketing, algebra, zoology, philosophy…

Activity: teaching, dancing, singing, sleeping, eating, speaking, writing…

Note: we can see people perform an activity, not the activity itself.
1. Love always beats hate.

2. The quality of education is getting better.

3. My life does not revolve around you.

4. Every religion teaches you good things.

5. Smoking is an addictive activity.

Different roles of a noun

A noun can take any of the following roles in a sentence:

  1. The subject
  2. The object of a verb
  3. The object of a preposition
  4. The object of a possessive adjective
  5. Subject complement
  6. Object complement
  7. Appositive


The subject of a sentence is someone that does something or someone or something the sentence gives information about.


  • Jon loves playing with kids.
  • Singing is my passion.
  • Delhi has the best places and food to explore.
  • Milk makes our bones stronger, my mother would say to me back in the day.

An object of a verb

The object of a verb is something or something that receives the action.


  • You need patience to do this job.
  • Ashish teaches kids.
  • Someone killed Manoj last night.
  • My sister loves dancing.

An object of a preposition

The object of a preposition is a noun or noun equivalent that comes right after it.


  • Do you believe in gods?
  • I am not afraid of Jon.
  • We all are under pressure at the moment.
  • What do you think about pollution in Delhi?

An object of a possessive adjective

The object of a possessive adjective is a noun or noun equivalent that comes after a possessive adjective and the possession of a person.


  • Your brother wants to come with us on the trip.
  • It is not my job.
  • One of his friends has a gigantic house in Dubai.
  • I am a big fan of your work.

Subject complement (predicate nominative)

A subject complement is a noun or adjective that gives information about the subject and comes after a linking verb. When a noun works as a subject complement, we call it a predicate nominative. As a subject complement, it renames the subject.


  • He is Jon, a good friend of mine.
  • What he wants is money.
  • The person whom he is dating is Ria Roy.

Object complement

A noun as an object complement renames the object of a verb. It comes right after the object.


  • You have made me a smoker.
  • All of my friends call me a genius.


An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that sits next to a noun, usually the subject, and renames it.


  • My friend Mangesh is an outstanding writer.
  • His elder sister, Jyoti, is a doctor.

Forms of a noun

A noun is used in two forms: singular and plural. A singular noun means that the noun is one in number and a plural noun means the noun is more than one in number.

Most singular nouns are changed into plural nouns by adding ‘s‘, ‘es‘, ‘ves‘, and ‘ies‘ at their end.

Singular nounsPlural nouns
Singular nounsPlural nouns
Singular nounsPlural nouns

Singular nounsPlural nouns

Now, we know what a noun is. Feel free to share your question, doubt, or feedback in the comment section, and also, share the post with the people that need it.

For one-on-one classes, contact me at [email protected].

A detailed YouTube lesson on nouns
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Ashish found his first love—the English language—a few years back. Since then, he has been immersed in the language, breaking down the language and teaching it to passionate English learners. He has a flair for listening to the English language (podcasts, sitcoms, stories), observing the nuances, and making it easy for English learners. He is known for breaking down complex English topics and making them easy to be understood.

6 thoughts on “Noun: a naming word”

  1. You are so amazing. The way you teach it’s natural work. It helps to talk correctly and logically. Thanks Aashish. Good job.


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